Week 8 quiz
6-month-old male infant is brought to the ER after the sudden development of
abdominal pain, irritability, and vomiting followed by passing of â€œcurrant
jellyâ€ stool. Ultrasound reveals intestinal obstruction in which the ileum
collapsed through the ileocecal valve and invaginated into the large intestine.
This type of obstruction is referred to as:
is inflammation of the gallbladder wall usually caused by:
of hepatitis _____ often occur in young children attending day care centers and
can be attributed to poor hand washing.
3-month-old female presents with intention tremors, dystonia, greenish-yellow
rings in the cornea, and hepatomegaly. Tests reveal a defect on chromosome 13.
Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
55-year-old female has general symptoms of gallstones but is also jaundiced. IV
cholangiography would most likely reveal that the gallstones are obstructing
60-year-old male is diagnosed with cancer of the esophagus. Which of the
following factors most likely contributed to his disease?
3-month-old female develops colicky pain, abdominal distention, and diarrhea
after drinking cowâ€™s milk. The best explanation for her symptoms is:
cardinal signs of small bowel obstruction are:
50-year-old male is experiencing reflux of chyme from the stomach. He is
diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux. This condition is caused by:
8-week-old female is diagnosed with a congenital heart disease and Down
syndrome. Her parents report that she has difficulty defecating. X-ray reveals
anorectal malformation that causes complete obstruction often referred to as:
diarrhea is more serious in children than adults because:
is a severe dietary deficiency of:
cardinal sign of pyloric stenosis caused by ulceration or tumors is:
20-year-old male was recently diagnosed with lactose intolerance. He eats an
ice cream cone and develops diarrhea. His diarrhea can be classified as _____
8-week-old male was recently diagnosed with cystic fibrosis. Which of the following
digestive alterations would be expected?
exocrine portion of the pancreas contains:
of the following characteristics is associated with an acute occlusion of
mesenteric blood flow to the small intestine?
60-year-old male presents with GI bleeding and abdominal pain. He reports that
he takes NSAIDs daily to prevent heart attack. Tests reveal that he has a
peptic ulcer. The most likely cause of this disease is:
does the nurse expect the obstruction to be in a patient with extrahepatic
is most common in children of which age group?
55-year-old male died in a motor vehicle accident. Autopsy revealed an enlarged
liver caused by fatty infiltration, testicular atrophy, and mild jaundice
secondary to cirrhosis. The most likely cause of his condition is:
22-year-old male underwent brain surgery to remove a tumor. Following surgery,
he experienced a peptic ulcer. His ulcer is referred to as a(n) _____ ulcer.
of the following symptoms would help a health care provider distinguish between
ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease?
most common cause of chronic vascular insufficiency among the elderly is:
gastritis is classified according to the:
2-month-old female with Down syndrome is diagnosed with Hirschsprung disease
following family complaints of chronic constipation. The most likely cause of
these symptoms is:
nurse assessing the patient with biliary atresia would expect to find which
primary clinical manifestation?
40-year-old male develops an intestinal obstruction related to protrusion of
the intestine through the inguinal ring. This condition is referred to as:
10-month-old is brought to the pediatrician by the mother who states the baby
has been experiencing colicky pain followed by vomiting, sweating, nausea, and
irritability. Testing reveals a condition in which one part of the intestine
telescopes into another. From which type of intestinal obstruction is he
45-year-old male complains of heartburn after eating and difficulty swallowing.
He probably has:
associated with hepatic encephalopathy from chronic liver disease are the result
24-year-old male who sustained a head injury and fractured femur develops a
stress ulcer. A common clinical manifestation of this ulcer is:
most common clinical manifestation of portal hypertension is _____ bleeding.
male is diagnosed with peptic ulcer disease. This condition is most likely
16-year-old female presents with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant.
Physical examination reveals rebound tenderness and a low-grade fever. A
possible diagnosis would be: