Week 5 quiz
Review Test Submission: Quiz – Week 5
Test Quiz – Week
1 An 8-week-old infant presents
to her primary care provider for a well-baby check. Physical exam reveals a
murmur, and an echocardiogram shows a large ventricular septal defect. If left
untreated, what condition should the nurse discuss with the parents?
2 A 50-year-old male was admitted
to the intensive care unit with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction
(MI). He is being treated for shock. His cardiopulmonary symptoms include low
blood pressure, tachycardia, and tachypnea. His skin is pale and cool. The
primary cause of his shock is most likely:
3 A 15-year-old male who is
allergic to peanuts eats a peanut butter cup. He then goes into anaphylactic
shock. Which assessment findings will the nurse assess for?
4 A nurse is explaining the function of the heart. Which is a correct response
by the nurse? A function of the pericardium is to:
5 A 3-year-old male is diagnosed
with Kawasaki disease. Which of the following does the nurse suspect is the
most likely cause?
51-year-old male presents with recurrent chest pain on exertion. He is diagnosed
with angina pectoris. When he asks what causes the pain, how should the nurse
respond? The pain occurs when:
7 A 75-year-old obese female
presents to her primary care provider reporting edema in the lower extremities.
Physical exam reveals that she has varicose veins. Upon performing the history,
which of the following is a possible cause for the varicose veins?
8 A 30-year-old female presents
to her primary care provider with fever, cardiac murmur, and petechial skin
lesions. She is diagnosed with infective endocarditis. When the patient wants
to know what caused the disease, what is the nurseâ€™s best response? The most
likely cause of the disease is:
9 A 20-year-old female is being
admitted to the hospital with fever and septic shock. Which set of assessment
findings would the nurse expect the patient to exhibit?
10 A newborn child is diagnosed
with tetralogy of Fallot. What symptoms would the nurse expect to observe in
11 A 52-year-old female is admitted
to the cardiac unit with a diagnosis of pericarditis. She asks the nurse to
explain where the infection is. In providing an accurate description, the nurse
states that the pericardium is:
12 A 72-year-old female has a
history of hypertension and atherosclerosis. An echocardiogram reveals backflow
of blood into the left ventricle. Which of the following is the most likely
diagnosis documented on the chart?
13 When a person is in shock, a
nurse remembers impairment in cellular metabolism is cause by:
14 A 27-year-old male is admitted
to a neurologic unit with a complete C-5 spinal cord transection. On initial
assessment, he is bradycardic, hypotensive, and hyperventilating. He appears to
be going into shock. The most likely mechanism of his shock is:
15 Which is the most common type of
congenital heart defect the nurse should assess for in infants?
16 A 67-year-old female was
previously diagnosed with rheumatic heart disease. Tests reveal lipoprotein
deposition with chronic inflammation that impairs blood flow from the left
ventricle into the aorta. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis
recorded on the chart?
17 A 1-month-old infant was
diagnosed with truncus arteriosus (TA) with a ventricular septal defect. Which
of the following would the nurse also expect?
18 A nurse is teaching staff about
endocarditis. Which information should the nurse include? Inflammatory cells
have difficulty limiting the colonization of microorganisms in infective
endocarditis because the:
19 A nurse recalls the most common
cardiac valve disease in the United States, which tends to be most prevalent in
young women, is:
20 When a patient with left heart
failure starts to have a cough and dyspnea, which principle should the nurse remember?
Pulmonary symptoms, common to left heart failure, are a result of:
21 A newborn child has a murmur and
cyanosis. An echocardiogram reveals that the tricuspid valve failed to develop
and no blood flows between the right atrium and ventricle. What term will the
nurse use to describe this condition? Tricuspid:
22 One consequence of switching
from aerobic to anaerobic cellular metabolism during shock states is:
23 A 55-year-old male died of a
myocardial infarction. Autopsy would most likely reveal:
24 A newborn experiences frequent
periods of cyanosis, usually occurring during crying or after feeding. Which of
the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart?
25 Upon assessment of the patient,
the nurse finds a widened pulse pressure and throbbing peripheral pulses. Which
valve disorder does the nurse suspect?
26 Which of the following lab tests
will the nurse check to help diagnose heart failure and provide insight into
27 A 60-year-old female was
diagnosed with mitral stenosis. As a result, the nurse realizes the patient has
incomplete emptying of the:
28 A 72-year-old female has a
history of right heart failure caused by a right ventricular myocardial
infarction. Which of the following symptoms are specifically related to her
right heart failure?
29 A 49-year-old male presents to
his primary care provider reporting chest pain. EKG reveals ST elevation. He is
diagnosed with myocardial ischemia. Which of the following interventions would
be most beneficial?
â€¢ Question 30 A nurse is planning care for a patient in shock. Which
principle should the nurse remember? During shock states, glucose uptake is