Week 4 quiz
A 52-year-old female is diagnosed with coronary
artery disease. The nurse assesses for myocardial:
A 62-year-old male presents to his primary care
provider reporting chest pain at rest and with exertion. He does not have a
history of coronary artery disease and reports that the pain often occurs at
night. He is most likely experiencing which type of angina?
A 50-year-old male with a 30-year history of
smoking was diagnosed with bronchogenic cancer. He developed edema and venous
distention in the upper extremities and face. Which of the following diagnosis
will the nurse observe on the chart?
A 70-year-old female is in the hospital for pelvic
fracture. She develops pulmonary thromboembolism. The nurse realizes this
embolus is composed of:
A 75-year-old female has been critically ill
with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) for longer than a week and has
developed a severe oxygen supply and demand imbalance. The statement that best
describes this imbalance is which of the following?
A nurse monitors the patient for _____ when
rapid onset of malignant hypertension results.
A 50-year-old female received trauma to the
chest that caused severe impairment of the primary pacemaker cells of the
heart. Which of the following areas received the greatest damage?
Which condition should cause the nurse to assess
for high-output failure in a patient?
An 82-year-old female was admitted to the
hospital with confusion and severe hypotension. Her bodyâ€™s compensatory
mechanisms are increased heart rate, vasoconstriction, and movement of large
volumes of interstitial fluid to the vascular compartment. What kind of shock
does the nurse suspect the patient is experiencing?
A 65-year-old male is transported to the ER for
chest pain. An electrocardiogram reveals a prolonged QRS interval. What is the
nurse monitoring when the nurse observes the QRS complex on the
electrocardiogram? The QRS complex reflects:
Which organ should the nurse monitor closely
since it is often the first to fail in patients with multiple organ dysfunction
A 50-year-old male is diagnosed with pulmonary
embolism (PE). Which of the following symptoms most likely occurred before
A 51-year-old male is at the health clinic for
an annual physical exam. After walking from the car to the clinic, he developed
substernal pain. He also reported discomfort in his left shoulder and his jaw,
lasting 2 to 3 minutes and then subsiding with rest. He indicates that this has
occurred frequently over the past few months with similar exertion. The nurse
suspects he is most likely experiencing:
A 65-year-old female presents to the emergency
department reporting difficulty swallowing and shortness of breath. A CT scan
would most likely reveal an aneurysm in the:
A 54-year-old male is diagnosed with left bundle
branch block. Which of the following structures would not receive an electrical
A 30-year-old Caucasian female was recently
diagnosed with primary hypertension. She reports that she eats fairly well,
usually having red meat and potatoes daily. She also reports that her father
has hypertension as well. A nurse determines which of the following risk
factors is most likely associated with this diagnosis?
A 35-year-old male presents with pulmonary
hypertension. Testing reveals he is in right heart failure. Which of the
following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will see listed on the chart?
A 52-year-old male is diagnosed with primary
hypertension. He has no other health problems. Present treatment would cause
the nurse to anticipate administering which drug to the patient?
When a nurse checks the patient for orthostatic
hypotension, what did the nurse have the patient do?
A patient wants to know what causes
atherosclerosis. How should the nurse respond? In general, atherosclerosis is
A 52-year-old male presents with pooling of
blood in the veins of the lower extremities and edema. The diagnosis is chronic
venous insufficiency, and an expected assessment finding of this disorder is:
A 56-year-old male is diagnosed with coronary
artery disease. Which of the following modifiable risk factors would the nurse
suggest the patient change?
A 60-year-old male presents to his primary care
provider reporting chest pain. He is diagnosed with atherosclerosis. This
disease is caused by:
Which of the following findings in the patient
with Raynaud disease would indicate a need for further teaching?.
A 60-year-old male undergoes surgery for a bone
fracture. Which of the following nursing measures would be most effective for
preventing pulmonary embolism (PE) in this patient?
A 65-year-old male presents for a routine
checkup. A blood pressure check reveals a systolic pressure of 160 mm Hg and a
diastolic pressure of 70 mm Hg. Which of the following is the most likely cause
of this type of pressure elevation?
A 59-year-old female is diagnosed with left
ventricular failure. If a decrease in kidney perfusion occurs, the nurse knows
this would ultimately cause:
While planning care for a patient with superior
vena cava syndrome (SVCS), which principle should the nurse remember? SVCS is a
progressive _____ of the superior vena cava (SVC) that leads to venous
distention of the upper extremities and head.
A 65-year-old male is diagnosed with chronic
pulmonary disease and elevated pulmonary vascular resistance. Which of the
following heart failures should the nurse assess for in this patient?