Week 3 quiz
Question 1 A
23-year-old female begins having problems with tiredness, weakness, and visual
changes. Her diagnosis is multiple sclerosis (MS). What is occurring in the
Question 2 A 16-year-old male took a recreational
drug that altered his level of arousal. Physical exam revealed a negative
Babinski sign, equal and reactive pupils, and roving eye movements. Which of
the following diagnosis will the nurse most likely see on the chart?
Question 3 A 75-year-old female suffers a stroke
and now has difficulty writing and production of language. This condition is
most likely caused by occlusion of the:
Question 4 A 50-year-old male suffers a severe head
injury when his motorcycle hits a tree. His breathing becomes deep and rapid
but with normal pattern. What term should the nurse use for this condition?
Question 5 Which finding indicates the patient is
having complications from heat stroke?
Question 6 A 69-year-old male with a history of
alcohol abuse presents to the emergency room (ER) after a month-long episode of
headaches and confusion. Based on his alcoholism, a likely cause of his
neurologic symptoms is:
Question 7 A 20-year-old male was at the
supermarket when he fell to the ground. Bystanders reported that he lost
consciousness and his body tensed up then relaxed, then tensed and relaxed
several times. He most likely was experiencing a(n):
Question 8 A
60-year-old female with a recent history of head trauma and a long-term history
of hypertension presents to the ER for changes in mental status. MRI reveals
that she had a hemorrhagic stroke. What does the nurse suspect caused this type
Question 9 A 72-year-old male demonstrates
left-sided weakness of upper and lower extremities. The symptoms lasted 24
hours and resolve with no evidence of infarction. The patient most likely
Question 10 A 15-month-old child from Pennsylvania was
brought to the ER for fever, seizure activity, cranial palsies, and paralysis.
Which of the following diagnosis will be documented in the chart?
Question 11 Parents of a 3-month-old infant bring him
to the emergency room (ER) after he has had a seizure. He has muscle rigidity,
and the parents report they are of Jewish ancestry. For what genetic disease
should this infant be screened?
Question 12 A 15-year-old male was struck by a motor
vehicle and suffered a traumatic brain injury. Paramedics found him unconscious
at the scene of the accident. During the ambulance ride, he regained
consciousness and was able to maintain a conversation with the medical staff.
Upon arrival to hospital, he was alert and oriented. Physical exam reveals
confusion and impaired responsiveness. What is the probable nature of his brain
injury based on this history?
Question 13 A 30-year-old female had a seizure that
started with her fingers and progressively spread up her arm and then extended
to her leg, with no loss of consciousness. How should the nurse chart this?
Question 14 A 20-year-old male was brought to the
emergency room (ER) for severe burns. He requested something for the
excruciating pain he was experiencing. Blocking which of the following
neurotransmitters would reduce his pain?
Question 15 A 65-year-old male recently suffered a
cerebral vascular accident. He is now unable to recognize and identify objects
by touch because of injury to the sensory cortex. How should the nurse document
Question 16 A patient has memory loss of events that
occurred before a head injury. What cognitive disorder does the nurse suspect
the patient is experiencing?
Question 17 A teenage boy sustains a severe closed
head injury following an all-terrain vehicle (ATV) accident. He is in a state
of deep sleep that requires vigorous stimulation to elicit eye opening. How
should the nurse document this in the chart?
Question 18 When a patient has a peculiar sensation that
immediately precedes a seizure, what term should the nurse use to describe this
Question 19 When a patient has a fever, which of the
following thermoregulatory mechanisms is activated?
Question 20 A 15-year-old male is brought to the ER
for treatment of injuries received in a motor vehicle accident. An MRI reveals
spinal cord injury, and his body temperature fluctuates markedly. The most
accurate explanation of this phenomenon is that:
Question 21 When planning care for a child in pain,
which principle should the nurse remember? The pain threshold in children is
_____ that of adults.
20-year-old male suffers a severe closed head injury in a motor vehicle
accident. He remains in a vegetative state (VS) 1 month after the accident.
Which of the following structures is most likely keeping the patient alive?
40-year-old male complains of uncontrolled excessive movement and progressive
dysfunction of intellectual and thought processes. He is experiencing movement
problems that begin in the face and arms that eventually affect the entire
body. The most likely diagnosis is:
Question 24 Which system modulates a patientâ€™s
perception of pain?
Question 25 A nurse should document on the chart that
chronic pain is occurring when the patient reports the pain has lasted longer