Week 2 quiz
Question 1 A
70-year-old female presents with a hip fracture secondary to osteoporosis. This
condition is caused by an increase in bone:
Question 2 After studying about fungi, which
information indicates a correct understanding of fungi? Fungi causing deep or
Question 3 A 70-year-old female presents with a hip
fracture. She is diagnosed with osteoporosis. One factor that most likely contributed
to her condition is:
Question 4 Tinea
corporis (ringworm) is a _____ infection of the skin.
Question 5 A 40-year-old female is diagnosed with
SLE. Which of the following findings would be considered a symptom of this
Question 6 A 4-month-old female is diagnosed with atopic
dermatitis (AD). Which of the following assessment findings by the nurse will
most likely support this diagnosis?
Question 7 A 4-month-old male is brought to his
primary care provider for severe itching and skin lesions. He is diagnosed with
atopic dermatitis. Which of the following would be elevated in this patient?
Question 8 What common symptom should be assessed
in individuals with immunodeficienc
Question 9 Which of the following people is at
highest risk for the development of gout?
Question 10 A 42-year-old female presents with raised
red lesions with a brownish scale. She was diagnosed with discoid lupus
erythematosus. A clinician recalls this disorder is related to:
Question 11 A 20-year-old female presents with vaginal
itch and thin-walled pustular lesions. She is diagnosed with candidiasis. This
condition is caused by a:
Question 12 A 4-month-old female develops white spots
and shallow ulcers in her mouth. Her pediatrician diagnoses her with thrush. This
condition is caused by:
Question 13 The nurse would correctly identify the
medical term for ringworm as:
Question 14 A 2-month-old female develops diaper
dermatitis. A nurse will monitor this patient for which secondary infection
that frequently accompanies diaper dermatitis?
Question 15 A
5-year-old female develops chickenpox after exposure at her day care center.
This disease is caused by:
Question 16 When
a patient asks the nurse what hypersensitivity is, how should the nurse
respond? Hypersensitivity is best defined as:
Question 17 A 45-year-old male presents with
persistent, severe stomach pain. Testing reveals a peptic ulcer. Further
laboratory tests reveal the presence of Helicobacter pylori. Which of the
following is of concern for this patient?
Question 18 A 20-year-old male shoots his hand with a
nail gun while replacing roofing shingles. Which of the following cell types
would be the first to aid in killing bacteria to prevent infection in his hand?
Question 19 Stress induces sympathetic stimulation of
the adrenal medulla. This causes the secretion of catecholamines, which
Question 20 An infant develops a fever secondary to a
bacterial infection. Which of the following most likely triggered the fever?
Question 21 Which patient will develop active
immunity? A patient who:
Question 22 A 3-year-old is making play cakes in a
sandbox and is eating the play cakes. The sand was also being used by cats as a
litter box and was contaminated with toxoplasmosis. Which of the following
would most likely also be present?
Question 23 A 5-month-old child is admitted to the
hospital with recurring respiratory infections. A possible cause of this
Question 24 A 65-year-old female is diagnosed with
metastatic breast cancer. She has developed muscle wasting. Which of the
following substances would be produced in large quantities to eliminate the
tumor cells and cause muscle wasting?
Question 25 A 35-year-old male is diagnosed with lobar
pneumonia (lung infection). Which of the following exudates would be present in
highest concentration at the site of this advanced inflammatory response?
Question 26 Which of the following hormones activates
Question 27 Which of the following individuals would
be at greatest risk for an opportunistic infection?
Question 28 A nurse recalls an example of an immune-complex-mediated
Question 29 A 30-year-old male is having difficulty
breathing and has been spitting blood. He reports that he began experiencing
this reaction after cleaning his pigeonsâ€™ cages. Testing reveals he is
suffering from allergic alveolitis. Which of the following is he experiencing?
Question 30 An 8-year-old female presents with edema
of the cutaneous and mucosal tissue layers. Her mother reports that the
condition is recurrent and seems to occur more often during stressful
situations. The child is diagnosed with hereditary angioedema. Which of the
following is deficient in this child?
Question 31 A 30-year-old female presents to her
primary care provider reporting fatigue, excessive sweating, and increased
appetite. Physical examination reveals protruding eyes, and laboratory testing
reveals hyperthyroidism secondary to autoantibody production. This disorder
falls into the category of type _____ hypersensitivity.
Question 32 When
a patient presents at the emergency department for an allergic reaction, the
nurse recognizes the most severe consequence of a type I hypersensitivity
Question 33 Exhaustion
occurs if stress continues and _____ is not successful.
Question 34 A 50-year-old female experiences decreased
blood pressure, decreased oxygen delivery, cardiovascular shock, and subsequent
death. A complication of endotoxic shock is suspected. Which of the following
is the most likely cause?
Question 35 A 10-year-old male is stung by a bee while
playing in the yard. He begins itching and develops pain, swelling, redness,
and respiratory difficulties. He is suffering from:
Question 36 While
planning care for children with cancer, which information should the nurse
remember? Most childhood cancers originate from the:
Question 37 A 30-year-old female is diagnosed with
cancer. Testing reveals that the cancer cells have spread to local lymph nodes.
A nurse realizes this cancer would be documented as stage:
Question 38 When histamine is released in the body,
which of the following responses would the nurse expect?
Question 39 After teaching about stress, which
information indicates a correct understanding of stress?
Question 40 During inflammation, the liver is
stimulated to release plasma proteins, collectively known as: