Week 10 quiz
Question 1 A
4-year-old male is diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome. Which of the following
assessment findings accompanies this condition?
Question 2 A 25-year-old female is diagnosed with
urinary tract obstruction. While planning care, the nurse realizes that the
patient is expected to have hydronephrosis and a decreased glomerular
filtration rate caused by:
Question 3 A 15-year-old female presents with flank
pain, irritability, malaise, and fever. Tests reveal glomerulonephritis. When
the parents ask what could have caused this, how should the nurse respond?
Question 4 On average the kidneys receive
approximately _____ of the cardiac output.
Question 5 A 19-year-old female was involved in a
motor vehicle accident during which she sustained a closed head injury. She is
now experiencing detrusor sphincter dyssynergia. Which of the following is the
most beneficial medication treatment?
Question 6 Which of the following clusters of
symptoms would make a clinician suspect a child has developed
Question 7 A 55-year-old male presents reporting
urinary retention. Tests reveal that he has a lower urinary tract obstruction.
Which of the following is of most concern to the nurse?
Question 8 A urologist is discussing the
phagocytic cells that lie between the layers of the renal corpuscle. What is
the urologist describing?
Question 9 While turning a patient with chronic
renal failure, which principle should the nurse recall? Bone fractures are a
risk factor in chronic renal failure because:
Question 10 A 25-year-old female presents with burning
urination. She was diagnosed with a urinary tract infection. When the nurse
checks the culture results, which of the following organisms is most likely
infecting her urinary tract?
Question 11 A 45-year-old female presents with
hypertension, anorexia, nausea and vomiting, and anemia. She is diagnosed with
chronic renal failure. When the patient asks what caused this anemia, how
should the nurse respond? Your anemia is caused by:
Question 12 A 27-year-old male has a severe kidney
obstruction leading to removal of the affected kidney. Which of the following
would the nurse expect to occur?
Question 13 A urologist is discussing a structure that
supplies blood to the medulla. What is the urologist describing?
Question 14 When a patientâ€™s renal system secretes
rennin, what effect will that cause in the body? It causes the direct
Question 15 A 3-year-old female presents with
recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), fever, poor growth and development,
and feeding problems. Tests reveal a retrograde flow of urine from the urinary
bladder into the ureters. When giving report to the oncoming shift, the nurse will
call this condition:
Question 16 A 75-year-old male reports to his primary
care provider loss of urine with cough, sneezing, or laughing. Which of the
following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart?
Question 17 When a newborn is admitted with urinary
tract infections (UTIs), which type of infection will the nurse look for in the
Question 18 While planning care for a patient with
renal calculi, the nurse remembers the most important factor in renal calculus
Question 19 A 42-year-old female is diagnosed with
chronic renal failure, and the nurse is discussing dietary treatment. Which
information indicates the nurse understands dietary regimen? Treatment includes
Question 20 When describing the male urinary anatomy,
which information should the nurse include? The portion of the male urethra
that is closest to the bladder is the _____ portion.
Question 21 A 15-year-old male was diagnosed with
pharyngitis. Eight days later he developed acute glomerulonephritis. While
reviewing the culture results, which of the following is the most likely cause
of this disease?
Question 22 A 30-year-old male is demonstrating
hematuria with red blood cell casts and proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day,
with albumin being the major protein. The most probable diagnosis the nurse
will see documented on the chart is:
Question 23 When the nurse is discussing the
sodium-sensing cells of the glomerulus, what term should the nurse use?
Question 24 A
29-year-old female presents with cloudy urine, flank pain, hematuria, and
fever. Which of the following does the nurse suspect the patient is most likely
Question 25 Anemia accompanies chronic renal failure
Question 26 A nurse is reviewing urinalysis results
and notices glucose is present in the urine. A nurse realizes glucose will be
excreted in the urine when:
Question 27 A 56-year-old male presents with flank
pain and polyuria. Tests reveal that he has an enlarged prostate. Which of the
following types of renal failure should the nurse monitor for as it is the most
likely to occur?
Question 28 A nurse is describing the trigone. Which
information should be included? The trigone is defined as:
Question 29 When a nurse is preparing to teach about
urine, which information should the nurse include? Just before entering the
ureter, urine passes through the:
Question 30 A 60-year-old male is diagnosed with renal
failure. While the nurse is reviewing lab results, which of the following lab
values would be most consistent with this diagnosis?
Question 31 A 2-year-old male is diagnosed with Wilms
tumor. Which of the following clinical conditions is often associated with this
Question 32 A 5-year-old male was diagnosed with
glomerulonephritis. History reveals that he had an infection 3 weeks before the
onset of this condition. The infection was most likely located in the:
Question 33 A 7-year-old male presents to his primary
care provider for incontinence. His mother indicates that he has never been
continent. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will
observe on the chart?
Question 34 When a nurse is checking the urinalysis,
plasma proteins should be absent from the urine because:
Question 35 When the nurse discusses the glomerulus
and Bowman capsule together, it is referred to as the renal:
Question 36 A 6-year-old male is experiencing urine
reflux from the urinary bladder into a grossly dilated ureter and calyces. He
was diagnosed with vesicoureteral reflux. This condition would be graded:
Question 37 When a child is admitted with acute renal
failure, a clinician realizes the most common cause of acute renal failure is:
observes on the chart that a patient is admitted with Wilms tumors. A nurse
knows the tumors are found in the:
Question 39 If a nurse wants to obtain the best
estimate of renal function, which test should the nurse monitor?
Question 40 A
35-year-old hypertensive male begins taking a diuretic. Which of the following
common side effects of this medication should the nurse monitor?