Question to be Answered: Select which of the Metaphysical perspectives we discussed that you find most acceptable and show how it connects to a corresponding perceptive in Epistemology.
o Platoâ€™s Republic (Reality as Unseen) (Idealism)
o Aristotleâ€™s Categories (Reality as Experience) (Materialism)
o Descartes (True Knowledge is found in the mind) (Rationalism)
o Locke (True Knowledge is found in Nature or Experience) (Empiricism)
Rationalism: The opinion that true knowledge is supplied by the mind, and so is based on reason, rationality, logic or a spiritual source. The basic idea is that human senses are less perfect than human reason, so they give incorrect knowledge
Empiricism: The opinion that true knowledge, contrary to Rationalism, is based most accurately on the senses and what they gather from nature. The basic idea is that Rationality creates the conditions for an uncritical assertion of “higher truths” which cannot be verified, so knowledge based on verifiable “experience” is more accurate.