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TOPIC: Questions FOR Tuesday Class
TYPE: Essay (any type)
: 03.04.2017 20:30
1. What are the differences between the Early New Orleans Jazz Combos and Swing Big Bands? 2. List some of the characteristics Billie Holiday employed to create her unique singing style. 3. Listen to and describe what you notice in this recording of Billie singing her version of a song composed for her by Jimmy Davis, Roger Ram Ramirez, and James Sherman–Lover Man – recorded in 1944 and released for sale in 1945 the Decca label. Listen for instruments used, the tempo, her lyric delivery style, the mood conveyed, etc. Lover Man – Billie Holiday (Links to an external site.) 4. View, listen and respond to the three videos below featuring the tenor saxophone playing of Lester Young and Coleman Hawkins. Each man had a unique way of improvising on the tenor saxophone. Write what you are hearing in these selections. What is it that makes their styles of improvisation different from each other? Check out this amazing footage of Lester in a performance from 1958 featuring Willie The Lion Smith on piano smoking his cigar the entire time! The song is Mean To Me but unlike the Billie Holiday version, this time it’s all Lester Young playing several full statements (several choruses–one chorus would be one time through the entire song) of the AABA. This footage is actually from television – a TV program called Art Ford’s Jazz Party that was only on the air in 1958. Lester Young’s understated approach is evident throughout–yet as each new chorus begins one notices how he builds tension with more emotion in the horn–employing a variety of riffs and changing pitches from the middle range to the higher range and at times surprising the listener with some amazing full bodied low notes as well. Watching Lester here is truly wonderful and quite profound, as his amazing playing gives the viewer/listener no indication that he only had just over five months to live. Describe and comment on what you see and hear. Mean To Me – Lester Young (Links to an external site.) For Coleman Hawkins, there may be no finer example of his style of playing tenor saxophone than his famous 1939 recording of the standard Body and Soul located in our Listening Links For Lesson 2 and here via YouTube as well. Describe and comment on what are hearing. Body and Soul – Coleman Hawkins (Links to an external site.) Additionally, I have located another video from one of Art Ford’s Jazz Party television shows from 1958. Here you can watch the great Coleman Hawkins play two songs one of which is the beautiful ballad called Prisoner of Love. Describe and comment on what you see and hear. Coleman Hawkins on Art Ford’s Jazz Party 1958 (Links to an external site.) 5. What were the key ingredients of the Kansas City style? 6. Listen to, view, and describe the musical activity in the following performance clips of by the greatest big band of all time, Count Basie and his Orchestra! The rhythm guitarist is Freddie Green, the drummer is Sonny Payne, the trumpet soloist featured first in both clips is Thad Jones. List and describe the music characteristics you notice in these two video performances by the greatest big band in the history of Jazz – Count Basie and his Orchestra. Count Basie and his Orchestra Live in Milan, Italy 1960 (Links to an external site.) Count Basie and his Orchestra performing Corner Pocket in 1962 (Links to an external site.) 7. Click on the two clips below to listen, view, and describe what you are seeing and hearing: Benny Goodman and his Orchestra in 1937 playing Sing, Sing, Sing (Louis Prima). The wild drummer is Gene Krupa. The trumpet soloist is Harry James. Benny Goodman is the clarinetist and band leader. This is immediately followed by a clip of The Benny Goodman Quartet featuring Benny on the clarinet, Lionel Hampton on the Vibraphone (Vibes), Teddy Wilson on the piano, and Gene Krupa on drums. They are playing I’ve Got A Heartful of Music (Richard Whiting/Johnny Mercer). Comment and describe what you notice in these two performances are actually from a 1937 Hollywood motion picture called, Hollywood Hotel. Sing, Sing, Sing (Links to an external site.) I’ve Got A Heartful of Music (Links to an external site.)
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