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TOPIC: US Education System
TYPE: Research Paper
: 08.03.2017 18:15
You will be analyzing the following changes to the current US education system. Keep in mind that this plan is rather vague. Some addition specifics may follow, but you will also be free to make and comment on some individual interpretations. I. K-12 education A) A state income tax replaces any local property, or other state taxes to fund K-12 education. If a state already has an income tax, the existing tax can be adjusted to raise the addition revenue. In states without an income tax, one must be started to at least fund education. A state may or may not choose to adjust other taxes and raise additional revenue with the new income tax. Money from the income tax will be sufficient to fund the vouchers described below. B) There will be significant changes to the way K-12 schools are administered: i) each student is assigned a â€œlocal public schoolâ€, based on the childâ€™s age and location. ii) Based on the physical characteristics of each â€œlocal public schoolâ€ and the number of students â€œassignedâ€ to that school, a cost per pupil is calculated. This includes transportation costs, food, etc. iii) This cost per pupil is then assigned to each student as a voucher. If the student has special needs that require additional costs (aides, equiptment, etc.) there would be an additional money added to the voucher. The students/parents can use the voucher in the following ways: a) The student must always be accepted at their designated â€œlocal public schoolâ€ for the amount of the voucher and no additional cost to the student. The school is then re-embursed the value of the voucher for that student. b) Public schools are free to admit students outside their local area. They are compensated by the full voucher of that student (which may be different amounts depending on the area they come from), and schools may set any price of additional compensation they wish for these non-local students as well as conditions for transportation, etc. c) Students can also use voucher money at private schools. Private schools get 50% of the value of that studentâ€™s voucher from the state. Private schools, even home schooling, are subject to some sort of state standard in order to receive voucher money. d) Each individual public schoolâ€™s funds come from the vouchers and other payments they arrange, grant money they may apply for, loans, etc.. These payments must cover all costs for the school, labor, maintenance, loan payments, etc. Schools would be allowed to borrow money just as districts do now. State could determine on a case-by-case basis what level of guarantee to provide lenders of this money. Schools would not be allowed to refund voucher money back to students/parents. C) Each state in now responsible for gathering and publishing the following data about each public school: % of graduates earning 2-year and/or vocational school degrees or certification 3 years after graduation from high school. % of graduated earning a 4-year degree 5 years after graduation from high school. % of students not earning a degree who are employed 5 years after graduation from high school. This information must be placed on any school letterhead, advertisement, or another public announcement about that school. Private schools can choose whether or not to collect this data and what to do with it. D) States will drastically reduce mandatory class standards and graduation requirements. Individual schools will have increased freedom in curriculum and graduation standards. States will, however, enforce, â€œclarity of curriculumâ€ rules that put very strict standards in place for making curriculum, methodologies, and learning materials well known to the parents of students in that school. II. Post HS education. A. 2 and 4-year state institutions will no longer receive funds to subsidize tuition and all state restrictions will be removed about institutional rules for setting tuition and admission standards. If this result is substantial â€œexcess fundsâ€ being raised, some or all of that money will go back to the state tuition finance aid system (see B below) B. All funds previously used for state tuition reduction will be put towards individual financial aid. States are free to set up any system they wish. They can piggy-back off the Federal financial aid system, or set up one of their own and base awards on need, scholarship, service, or any weighting of these criteria they wish. These funds may only be used at state schools in the state of residence. Assume the total amount of money going to tuition subsidies is about the same, but distributed differently. Your work will be judges by the following standards (In order of importance): 1. Quality of reasoning. Do you sound like an economist? Are your arguments using sound economic priciples and reasoning? 2. Quality of your research. Have you found any data that could shed light on one or more of these issues? Have you found authoritatives sources who can support and add insight to your reasoning. 3. Quality of writing. Is you r grammar and punctuation correct? Are your ideas being coveyed clearly will appropriate vocabulary and usage? 4. Breadth of coverage. Have you talked about all the relevant issues? Did you, to some extent, address all of the changes mentioned.
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